Nephrology And Puerile Nephrology

Renal diseases can have a non-symptomatic onset. However, if not treated they can easily proceed to a chronic state, what can result in irreversible changes in organs and can lead to the life-threatening state.

Thanks to new diagnostic possibilities and new treatment of the renal diseases, we can introduce the treatment much earlier and choose the best form of it.

In our Nephrology and Puerile Nephrology Outpatient Clinic we perform diagnostic examinations and also provide the medical consultation and advice not only to those patients whose treatment is refunded by The National Health Foundation but also to those from the private sector.


The most frequent diseases of the kidneys are:

* polycystic disease of the kidneys
* uraemia
* nephrotic syndrome
* acute or chronic glomerulonephritis
* renal neoplasm

The most frequent diseases of the urinary tract are:
* urolithiasis
* cysto-urethritis
* pyelocystitis
* neoplasm of the urinary tract

The symptoms that can lead to the possibilities of renal or urinary tract diseases are the following:

* nephrotic oedema ( puffy eyes), especially in children
* oedema of the hands, feet and ankles.
* dysuria ( difficulty or pain on urination)
* pollakiuria ( frequent urination)
* nycturia ( urination during the night)
* lack of increase in body mass in children
* bloody urine with darker colouration
* hazy urine with a sharp smell resembling ammonia
* pain in the lumbar area, beneath the lower ribs
* increased blood pressure
* chronic anaemia


The diagnosis can include the following examinations:
* urine test
* urine culture
* uroflometry with the use of uroflometer performed when miction problems are suspected
* the biochemical blood tests ( concentrations of the creatinine, uric acid, sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, proteins, cholesterol).
* sedimentation rate and morphology
* blood pressure ( also using 24 hours Holter device)
* ultrasound examination of the kidneys and urinary tract
* renal biopsy